Arthur Berson

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Berson in Ballon Phönix with Hans Groß, 1894.

Arthur Berson (6 August 1859–) was a meteorologist and aeronaut from Galicia who studied meteorology and geography in Berlin, then worked with Richard Aßmann at the Aeronautical Observatory of Berlin-Tegel. He earned the title of "der höchste Mensch" (the highest man) for his balloon ascents reaching unprecedented high altitudes. On 31 July 1901 Berson and Reinhard Süring reached ~10,800m, where they successfully opened a valve and began their descent before passing out.[1][2]

In 1905 Berson moved from Berlin to the Aeronautical Observatory of Lindenberg. He made an expedition to tropical East Africa in 1908, taking ballon-sonde and kite measurements at Lake Victoria and in Mozambique, and discovering the greater height and colder temperatures of the tropopause in these lower latitudes. In 1910 he became director of the Department for Meteorological and Aeronautical Instruments at the Optische Anstalt C.P. Görz. During the war he worked for Junkers.[1]

His full name was Arthur Joseph Stanislaus Berson and he was born in 1859, according to the Internet Archive's record of a major work Berson edited, the Wissenschaftliche Luftfahrten, ausgeführt vom Deutschen verein zur förderung der luftschiffahrt in Berlin[3]

Publications by or about Arthur Berson

Berson (right) with Richard Aßmann.



  1. 1.0 1.1 Stefan Bronnimann and Alexander Stickler, "Aerological observations in the Tropics in the Early Twentieth Century", Meterologische Zeitschrift 22(3), October 2013.
  2. Rotch, 1909, Conquest of the Air, pp. 64–69.
  3. Internet Archive's digitized copy of Wissenschaftliche Luftfahrten

Names Arthur Berson; Arthur Joseph Stanislaus Berson
Birth date 1859
Death date
Countries Prussia, DE
Locations Berlin; Galicia, AT; Lake Victoria; Mozambique
Occupations meteorologist
Tech areas Meteorology, LTA
Affiliations Königlich Preußische Aeronautische Observatorium
Wikidata id