Woodhouse, 1911, The evolution of aviation in 1911

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Some developments in 1911 according to Woodhouse:

  • 1000 new licensed pilots, for a total of 1500
  • 200,000 flights (made by the above) ­– of longer duration, farther distance, and higher elevation.
  • Record for passengers carried increased from 5 to 13.
  • "Aerial post" began experimentally in England, on 9 September 1911; later tried in America also.
  • Aviation used by militaries of France, Germany, Russia, Italy, England, and Austria.
    • France budgeted 11,200,00 francs; reorganization of aviation within the army; military competition in October, in which 16 manufacturers entered 35 machines
    • Germany established a military aviation school at Döberitz, with branches, attended by 50 officers, with 5,000,000 marks of funding; competition for manufacturers scheduled for June 1912 in Kiel
    • "In England very little was done during the year."
    • Russia opened a central military aviation school at Sebastopol, training 23 officers before the end of May; competition held in September
  • Blériot Aéronautique (or perhaps the Blériot enterprise construed as a whole) built its 500th aircraft and trained its 400th pilot.
  • The Farman company (Avions Henri et Maurice Farman?) built more than 150 airplanes in 1911 and trained 50 pilots.
  • Technical problems "solved"
    • Motor efficiency (Gnôme, Renault, Labor, R.E.P.; Wright, Curtiss; Aviatic, Deimier)
    • Automatic stability ("Automatic stability, that elusive quantity which inventors had despaired to develop, was realized both in France and America. The Doutre fore and aft stabilizer and the Wright universal stabilizer reduce the human element required to pilot an aeroplane to a minimum, possibly not more than 25/100, making aviation considerably simpler and safer."
  • Not "solved" (but less important): more control over speed
  • "The most significant and most unexpected event of the year was the appearance in the latter part of November of a new air craft—an aerial car. It is essentially a limousine body constructed extra light, set on an aeroplane chassis, fitted with reenforced monoplane wings." Constructed by Louis Blériot for Henri Deutsch de la Meurte.

Original title The evolution of aviation in 1911
Simple title The evolution of aviation in 1911
Authors Henry Woodhouse
Date 1911-01
Countries US
Languages en
Keywords history of aviation, history, competition, review, progress, airplane, altitude, speed, passengers, air mail, military, speed, stability, automatic stability, motor
Journal Aero Club of America Bulletin
Related to aircraft? 1
Page count 15
Word count
Wikidata id


  • Brockett (1921), page 1451, entry 1: Woodhouse, Henry. The evolution of aviation in 1911. Aero Club Amer. Bull., Vol. 1, No. 1 (Jan. 1912), New York, pp. 9-23, ill. (B2p1451e01)
  • Scan at HathiTrust