Aéroplanes Morane-Saulnier

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Société Anonyme des Aéroplanes Morane-Saulnier

The Morane-Saulnier firm was established 10 Oct 1911 by brothers Léon Morane (11 April 1885, Paris - 19 October 1918, Paris) and Robert Morane (10 March 1886, Paris - 28 August 1968, Paris) and Raymond Saulnier (27 September 1881, Paris - 4 March 1964, Chécy), was successor to Société Anonyme des Aéroplanes Morane-Borel-Saulnier.

(We are currently looking into the specifics of inventor status relative to piloting and so forth, existing between these men, along with the specifics of the preceding collaboration of Raymond Saulnier with Louis Blériot.)

Patent filing ensued, or continued, quite rapidly in the months following, with Hippolyte Josse acting as the primary, or possibly the sole, patent agent.

The filings of this firm are notably precise, and technically focused, occasionally inclusive of only one diagram. The emphases seem to have been on the mechanical exactitude of select elements, sometimes singular elements, rather than on the grandeur of overall concept. Patent FR-1912-437852 stands out in terms of the breadth with which it treats the airplane, while retaining the thoroughness of detail.

Based on our patent data, their treatment of the airplane took into elaborate account wings, lift, navigation, control, frame, construction, chassis, landing, fuselage, and more.

Early designs were primarily braced monoplanes but by 1915 was also building a parasol monoplane trainer and many parasol monoplanes and biplanes, including reconnaissance aircraft, followed during WW1. From 1920, concentrated on radial-engined parasol-wing fighters and trainers. The company survived the late 1930s nationalization of the French aviation industry and by the time it filed for bankruptcy in November 1962, its output had exceeded 140 different types and several thousand of its monoplanes and biplanes had been built. In January 1963, control passed to Éstablissements Henri Potez which reorganized the company as Société d'Exploitation des Établissements Morane-Saulnier.

(Yes, this was specifically a "Société anonyme", indeed, with the designation most explicated within Patent DE-1913-330649.)

Patent FR-1912-436479 Original Diagram
Patent FR-1912-436481 Original Diagram
Patent FR-1912-436482 Original Diagram
Patent FR-1912-437852 Original Diagram
Patent FR-1912-440384 Original Diagram
Patent FR-1912-441069 Original Diagram
Patent GB-1912-26264 Original Diagram
Patent GB-1912-26266 Original Diagram
Patent FR-1913-449167 Original Diagram
Patent DE-1913-330649 Original Diagram
Patent AT-1920-81600 Original Diagram
Patent GB-1913-20110 Original Diagram

Sources

See also

Morane-Saulnier on English Wikipedia, Morane-Saulnier on French Wikipedia

Robert et Léon Morane on English Wikipedia, Robert et Léon Morane on French Wikipedia

Raymond Saulnier on English Wikipedia, Raymond Saulnier on French Wikipedia


Names Aéroplanes Morane-Saulnier, Société Anonyme des Aéroplanes Morane-Saulnier, Morane-Saulnier
Country France
City Puteaux (3, Rue Volta), Seine, near Paris; 206 boul. Pereire, Paris, France
Affiliations
Keywords airplane, wings, lift, navigation, control, frame, construction, chassis, landing, fuselage
Started aero 1911
Ended aero 1962
Key people Léon Morane, Robert Morane, Raymond Saulnier
Wikidata id

Patents applied for by Aéroplanes Morane-Saulnier